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Sharpe's Timeline

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1777 23 June, Richard Sharpe is born in Howick Place, London, to an alcoholic prostitute.
1780 10 March, Russia creates the League of Armed Neutrality to prevent Britishships from searching neutral vessels for contraband of war. France, Spain, Austria, Prussia, Denmark, and Sweden subsequently join the confederacy 1780 Lizzie Sharpe dies in the Gordon riots. Sharpe is placed in a workhouse where he picks oakum and washes laundry.
  1 July Sir Eyre Coote, Irish-born British commander in chief in India defeats Hyder Ali, Sultan of Mysore, at Porto Novo, establishing British hegemony over southern India    
  5 September In perhaps the decisive battle of the American Revolution, the French fleet under Francois, Comte de Grasse, defeats off the Virginia Capes the attempt of a British fleet from New York under Admiral Thomas Graves to drive it from Chesapeake Bay. Continued French occupation of the Bay seals the fate of the British forces under Charles, Lord Cornwallis, in Yorktown    
  19 October British forces under Charles, Lord Cornwallis, surrender to the besieging American and French forces at Yorktown, Virginia, after a three-week siege. The British also evacuate Charleston in South Carolina and Savannah in Georgia    
  20 November Britain declares war on the United Netherlands to prevent it joining the League of Armed Neutrality created by Russia on 10 March    
1781 17 May After a British defeat at Wadgaon, India, in January 1779 and largely inconclusive warfare since, the Treaty of Salbai ends the first Anglo-Maratha war with minimal British gains    
  3 September The Peace of Paris is signed between Britain on one side and France, Spain, and America on the other, ending the American Revolution. Britain recognizes the independence of the American colonies, cedes Florida to Spain, and recovers its West Indian possessions. France recovers St Lucia, Tobago, Senegal, Goree, and its East Indian possessions. France regains the right to fortify Dunkirk.    
1785 11 March Britain signs a peace treaty with Tippu Sultan of Mysore, India, ending the Second Mysore War    
1789 20 January The Parliament of Paris presents a list of grievances against theFrench government to the king, Louis XVI, in effect declaring itself the defender of French liberties 1789 Sharpe is sold to a sweep. He runs away and begins his life as a thief
  14 July A large crowd of the common people of Paris, France storms and captures the Bastille (a medieval fortress, symbol of the ancient regime) in Paris. The emigration of French aristocrats begins    
1792 5 February Tippu, sultan of Mysore, India, is defeated in his war with the British and Hyderabad. He cedes half of Mysore to Britain.    
1793 21 January Louis XVI, king of France 1774-92, now known as 'Citizen Capet', is guillotined in Paris, France. 1793 Sharpe kills a man and runs to Yorkshire, where he finds employment at a coaching inn.
  13 February Great Great Britain, Austria, Prussia, the Dutch Republic, Spain, and Sardinia form The First Coalition against France.    
  2 June begins the Reign of Terror in France.    
1794 1 June The British Admiral Richard, Lord Howe, defeats a French fleet in the English Channel in a battle subsequently known in Britain as 'The Glorious First of June'. 1794 Sharpe kills the owner of the coaching inn over a serving girl. He takes the king's shilling offered by Obadiah Hakeswill and joins the King's 33rd Regiment of Foot.
      June, 33rd Regiment at Cork in Ireland
      June 26, Arrived Ostend in Belgium minus the Light and Grenadier Companies which had been detached for service in the West Indies. Main force under Lord Moira had arrived five days earlier and had marched of towards Ghent. 33rd, 44th and some light dragoons and a battery of artillery were dangerously isolated.
      June 30/July 1, Night, Withdrew onto ships and sailed for Antwerp. Duke of York's army was in retreat.
      September 15, Boxtel. 33rd see their first fighting as a reserve force -They checked a French Cav pursuit by Volley fire. Commended for their steadiness by Duke of York. 33rd deployed in defensive positions along the North bank of the Waal river. Wellesley recalled briefly.
      December, Harsh winter, army starving because the commissariat had collapsed. Troops stealing from local inhabitants. Officers too lazy or indifferent to control them (whole army not just 33rd.) Waal was frozen and French crossed in final week of December. Some resistance but Brit lines fractured and troops pulled back to Ems river.
      Mid December, 33rd was on continual standby to repel sallies across the frozen Waal. Dec 27th 33rd and other Bats of Brig. Gen. Sir William Cathcarts brigade saw fighting around Tiel and Wadanburg.
    1795 January 4th, Five Companies of 33rd were among the pickets taken unaware by French sortie against an outpost at Meteren. They fell back two miles to Geldermaisen and joined the rest of their Regiment plus Black Watch,78th Highlanders and two Howitzers. French retired.
      Febuary, first week, 33rd attached to Maj. Gen. Fox’s divisionand billeted at Coevordon. General described it as ‘forlorn and unprovided situation’ and dangerously exposed. Soil frozen so deep that no trenches could be dug or ramparts built. French were close and this rearguard was withdrawn.
      Febuary 17th approx.:
33rd in Aschendorf on banks of Emms. Village flooding, but men had bread and forage.
      March, 33rd were home- no details. (Figures: 1st August 1794 mustered 985 men of whom 113 were sick. October 849 men. January 799 men. Losses In action were slight: 1 killed and 11 wounded at Geldermaisen. Bulk of casualties were the result of sickness and unhealed wounds.)
1796 5 October Spain declares war on Britain   Autumn, 33rd ordered to join reinforcements in West Indies. being mustered at Southhampton. Sailed out of Porstmouth (mid?) November but hit bad storms and were blown back after seven weeks at sea. 33rd wintered in Poole.
    1796 April, 33rd sent ahead of Wellesley to India. Wellesley followed in June.
1797 17 October France and Austria sign The Treaty of Campo Formio after Napoleon Bonaparte's successful campaign in Italy and Tyrol. Austria cedes The Netherlands to France. 1797 August, 33rd sent to Malay but sent back due to French. Wellesley went to Madras (Fort St George) and 33rd back to Calcutta (Fort William).
      April, 33rd sent ahead of Wellesley to India. Wellesley followed in June.
1798 March, The influential Spanish prime minister and mastermind of the Franco-Spanish Treaty of San Isle de Fonso against Britain, Manuel de Godoy, is forced to resign, following the Spanish naval defeat by Britain off Cape St Vincent. 1798 August, Wellesley ordered to bring 33rd down to Madras to prepare to invade Mysore.
1 August A British fleet under the English admiral Horatio Nelson destroys the French Toulon fleet in Aboukir Bay, Egypt, ('the Battle of the Nile') cutting the French army's communications with Europe and establishing British naval supremacy in the Mediterranean.    
1799 9 January The British prime minister William Pitt the Younger introduces the first income tax in Britain, to finance the war against France, at a rate of 10% on all incomes over 200 per year. 1799 Feb 3rd, Order given to invade Mysore, by Lord Mornington (Wellesley’s Brother).
(Note. Major Shee of 33rd neglected his duties and some men had no arms or eqipment.)
  4 May Tippu, sultan of Mysore, India, is killed at Seringapatam, after it is captured by the British. His kingdom is divided between Britain and the nizam of Hyderabad.   March 26th, 33rd came out of thick jungle at Mallavelly to see a ridge ahead crowned with elephants. 2,000 of the Tipoos troups trained by French. Accounted for in Sharpe's Tiger
  1 June The British prime minister, William Pitt the Younger, concludes the formation of the Second Coalition of Britain, Russia, Austria, the Ottoman Empire, Portugal, and Naples against France.   April 5th, Troops enclose Seringapatam. Skirmish at Sultanpeltah Tope. Lt. Fitzgerald is killed in the fighting by Hakeswill. 12 soldiers (8 from the 33rd) are taken prisoner and excuted by Jetties, bar Hakeswill. Hakeswill betrays Sharpe and Lawford. Sharpe and Lawford imprisoned.
  25 September-27 September French forces under General Andrea Massena defeat a Russian army under Alexander Korsakov at Zurich, Switzerland; the main Russian force under Field Marshal Count Alexander Vasilyevich Suvorov arrives too late, and is forced to retreat across the Alps. Austrian forces under the Archduke Charles retreat to the River Danube.   May 2nd, Rocket Magazine blows up and creates breach.
  9 November Napoleon Bonaparte overthrows the ruling Directory (ruling executive) in France in the coup d'etat of 18 Brumaire (revolutionary calendar).   May 4th, The order for the assault is given. In the fighting Sharpe kills the tiger guard, escapes the dungeon, finds the Tippoo, kills him and steals his jewels, and throws Hakeswill to the tigers. Full account of the affair is made in Sharpe's Tiger.
      May 5th, Funeral of Tippoo. Sharpe is made Sergeant.
      July, Harris’ troops leave. In Decccan the 33rd in skirmishes with Dhoondiah Waugh, a bandit who had also escaped the Tippoo’s prison, and the rebelious Rajah of Bellum, amongst others.
1800 17 January The Treaty of Montlu on ends royalist disaffection in the Vendue, western France, and releases troops for a new French offensive in Europe. 1800 January: Skirmish with Dhoondiah Waugh.
  14 June French forces under Napoleon Bonaparte defeat the Austrians under Baron Michel Melas at the Battle of Marengo, northwest Italy, ensuring the French reconquest of Italy.    
1801 1 January The Act of Union creates the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, bringing Ireland under direct control of the Parliament in Westminster.    
  9 February The Treaty of Luneville, following the French defeat of Austria in Napoleon Bonaparte's campaign of 1800-01, marks the virtual destruction of the Holy Roman Empire.    
  2 April British vice admiral Horatio Nelson is victorious against the Danish fleet in the Battle of Copenhagen, fought in retaliation for Danish actions against Britain in closing the River Elbe.    
  2 September French forces in Egypt under General Jean Menou surrender to the British and are immediately offered free passage home, ending Napoleon Bonaparte's hopes of oriental conquest.    
1802 23 October, India, the Holkar defeats both Baji Rao, head of the Maratha confederacy and sympathetic to the British, and Scindia of Gwalior, the most powerful figure in central India.    
1803 30 April The USA purchases Louisiana and New Orleans from the French, in contravention of the terms of the Treaty of San Ildefonso of 1 October 1800. 1803 September 23rd: Wellesley is victorious at Assaye. Sharpe makes Ensign in reward for his heroics. His actions are detailed in Sharpe's Triumph.
  3 August The second Anglo-Maratha War begins in India when British troops take the offensive against the Scindia dynasty of Gwalior.   November 29th: Wellesley wins at Arguam
      December 15th: Wellesley captures Gawilghur. Sharpe's adventure is recounted in Sharpe's Fortress.
1804 2 December Napoleon Bonaparte crowns himself emperor as Napoleon I in Paris, France. Pope Pius VII officiates at the coronation. British artillery officer William Congreve invents the Congreve rocket.    
1805 9 August Austria joins Britain, Russia, and Sweden in alliance against France and receives a u3 million subsidy. 1805 33rd return to England. Sharpe begins return voyage to England, ostensibly on sickleave until he is to later join his new regiment, 1/95th Rifles, as a 2nd Lieutenant where he is promptly made quartermaster by LT. Col. Wade.
  21 October Horatio Nelson is killed at sea off Cape Trafalgar, Spain.   Sharpe finds himself in the middle of the Battle of Trafalgar, while en route to England to join the 95th Rifles. The adventure is detailed in Sharpe's Trafalgar.
  December, Bonaparte effects a crushing defeat upon the Austro-Prussian forces in the Battle of Austerlitz, forcing the Treaty of Schonbrunn.    
1806 14 October Bonaparte defeats the Prussians at Jena in Saxony. Scottish clergyman Alexander Forsyth invents the percussion ignition for guns making the development of breechloaders possible.    
1807 7 July The Treaty of Tilsit (Prussia) ends the war between France and Russia. Bonaparte, having defeated Austria and now Russia and Prussia, is the master of continental Europe. 1807 Sharpe,left out of the Rifles deployment to Denmark, nonetheless finds a mission handed to him that will take him into the heart of the Bombing of Copenhagen and the Battle of Koge, in Sharpe's Prey
  18 October Bonaparte sends his troops across the Spanish frontier. He removes King Ferdinand VII from the Spanish throne, and gives the throne to his brother, Joseph.    
  30 November Marshal Murat's tired forces march into Lisbon, Portugal, as the Portuguese Royal family sails into exile.    
1808 23rd March: Madrid occupied by the French. Bourbons exiled, Joseph proclaimed king.    
  May-June: Insurrections against the French throughout Spain and Portugal. Joseph flees Madrid.    
  1-8th August: British army under Sir Arthur Wellesley lands at the mouth of the Mondego River, Portugal. 9,000 troops. An additional 5,000 British troops, under General Sir Brent Spencer, sail from Cadiz.    
  17th August: Battle of Rolica. The British Army lands in Portugal at Mondego Bay and attacks a French force coming out from Lisbon. After a battle in which Sir Arthur Wellesley's troops show great ‘enthusiasm', the French under Gen. Delaborde fall back onto their reinforcements. Site of the first battle between the British and French armies. 1808 Sharpe is promoted to a now vacant Lieutenancy.
  21st August: Battle of Vimiero. Covering a landing from the sea by the rest of his troops, the British army posted on two hills is attacked by the entire French army under Marshal Junot. The enemy is routed, the French sue for peace and leave the Peninsula. Wellesley is recalled home. Scandal for Burrard and Dalrymple arises from the repatriation of French troops under the Convention of Cintra.    
  November: Napoleon comes to Spain with the Grande Armee, retakes Madrid.    
  4th December: Napoleon restores Joseph, beats multiple uncoordinated Spanish armies. Wellesley guards approaches to Lisbon with 40,000 men.    
  10th December: British army under Sir John Moore advances from Salamanca.    
  December 24th: Even though the British Cavalry gave him a victory against French Cavalry, Moore, facing the threat of being cut off, begins to retreat from Sahagun.    
1809 January 1-14th: Retreat to Coruna 1809 2/95th Rifles, with Sharpe as Quartermaster, covers Craufurd's Brigade as they break away from Moore's main force to retreat towards Vigo.
  January 16th: Battle of Corunna, Sir John Moore killed. After leading the horrific Corunna Retreat and saving Spain from full occupation and conquest by the French, at Corunna harbor he defeats the French pursuit under Marshal Soult but is killed at the moment of victory.   Sharpe and the survivors of a company of Riflemen, are cut off from the main body of Craufurd's force and lost behind the French lines in the rough Spanish countryside on the road to Vigo. Thus begins the adventure of Sharpe's Rifles.
  March: Soult sacks Oporto.   Sharpe, still cut off from his own army although gainfully employed by Hogan, is given a special job that will take him into the chaos of the Portuguese countryside as the French advance to secure the borders and prevent the crossing of the rumoured approaching British force under Sir Arthur Wellesley. Sharpe's adventure in Portugal is recounted in Sharpe's Havoc.
  12 May, British forces under Arthur Wellesley, after secretly crossing the River Douro, defeat the French under Marshal Soult at Oporto and force them to retreat from Portugal.   Sharpe is attributed as the party responsible for making the crossing happen in Sharpe's Havoc.
  3rd July: British army under Wellesley enters Spain.    
  July 6th: Wellesley appointed Marshal-General of Portugal.    
  28 July Wellesley accepts battle unwillingly at Talavera and is attacked by the combined French armies. After a battle in which his casualties are high, the French retreat defeated but the British isolated and alone, also have to move back to Portugal, Wellesley plans the defense of Portugal, and ignores Spanish promises and entreaties after their failure to support him at Talavera   Victory at Talavera for the British while Sharpe takes his Eagle. Sharpe is given command of the South Essex's Light Company. His success in his struggles against Sir Henry Simmerson as described in Sharpe's Eagle results in Sharpe gaining an enemy for life.
  September 4th: Wellesley becomes Viscount Wellington of Talavera and Wellington.    
  October, Wellington's army begins the construction of the Lines of Torres Vedras in secret.    
1810 10th July-- French army under Massena takes Ciudad Rodrigo.    
  24 July Craufurd defeated by Ney on the Coa.    
  July 28th-- Almeida surrenders.    
  26th August-- Fortress town of Almeida blown apart following an explosion in the fortress's powder magazine.   Sharpe passes through the fortress town, Alameda, after stealing Spanish gold meant to supply the funds to complete the Lines of Torres Vedras, blowing the fortress up in the process. Sharpe's Gold
  27 September Wellington victorious over Massena at Busaco. Battle of Buscao was fought to inflict as much damage as possible to French.    
  10 October Wellington enters the Lines of Torres Vedras.    
  14 October Massena discovers Lines and halts.    
  17 November Massena withdraws to Santarem.    
1811 3rd March-- Messena retreats from Santarem.    
  5 March Battle of Barrosa, which was fought by British forces from Cadiz under Sir Thomas Graham. Patrick Masterson of the 87th Regiment captured the first Imperial Eagle.  
  10 March Soult takes Badjoz. French posess the 'keys to Spain'.
  15 March Massena retreats into Spain due to starvation. Wellington's army follows the French retreat much like the French had done during the retreat to Corunna.    
  April A mixed force of Bristish and Portuguese troops, under Sir William Beresford, lay siege to Badajoz with little success.    
  3 April Battle of Sabugal, fought in dense fog.    
  3-5 May Wellington defeats Massena in three-day battle at Fuentes de Onoro. A hard three day fight as the French try to relieve Almeida from Wellington's seige. Heavily outnumbered in the street fighting and manouevre on the hot dry plains.   May 3-5th-- Sharpe returns to the Peninsula from a visit to England where he has met Jane for the first time. Sharpe's Battle
  11 May Almedia surrenders to Welligton.    
  12 May Beresford lifts siege of Badajoz and retreats    
  16th May-- Battle of Albuera. Beresford's Infantry against Soult    
  19 May-17 June Second siege of Badajoz takes place.    
  17 June Siege of Badajoz is ended and Wellington's army retreats once more into Portugal.    
  23-25th June-- Wellington offers battle on the Caia.    
  28-30th September-- Wellington offers battle near the upper Coa.   November/December-- Sharpe's daughter Antonia is born.
1812 January--Napoleon strips Spain of his best troops for Russia leaving under 200,000 troops. Guerillas, intelligence are stronger.  
  8 January-- Siege of Ciudad Rodrigo begins.  
  19 January Wellington takes Ciudad Rodrigo by storm. The storming was met with resistance. This caused the 'disciplined' troops to loot, rape and pillage.   January 19th-- Wellington captures Cuidad Rodrigo. Wellington takes advantage of French disorganization and strikes at one of the main frontier fortresses. He attacks after a short bombardment and the fortress is taken, with light losses. Lawford loses an arm and is sent home. Sharpe demoted to Lieutenant.
  Late January thru early April-- Wellington moves his army south and begins the seige of Badajoz in the spring rains.    
  6-7 April-- After a month of foul weather, he commits his tired and cold soldiers to storming the formidable walls of the fort before the bombardment is complete, hearing that French forces are coming from the south. 5000 of his finest soldiers lay dead in the ditches. Wellington now has the keys to the doors of Spain.April Wellington takes Badajoz by storm. British troops that survive the assualt loot, rape and plunder the city for almost 72 hours.   April 7th-- Wellington Captures Badajoz. Sharpe saves his wife and child inside Badajoz. Sharpe remakes Captain. Leroy is wounded.
  13th June 1812-- Wellington crosses the Agueda and begins the march on Salamanca. The army started the campaign almost bankrupt. The troops' pay was 5 months in arrears, and the muleteers had not been paid since June 1811. Despite this they began on a high note; this was the first offensive into the heart of Spain since 1809, and intelligence led Wellington to believe his chances of victory had never been better.   14th June-- Leroux, sent to Spain by Napoleon in order discover the identity of the ally's chief spy, El Mirador; is captured by Sharpe who after a mission to the north, is marching with the South Essex to rejoin Wellington's main army. Wellington advances to the Huebra and camps at Cabrillas.
      15th June-- A long march took the main army to Matilla and Cayos.
      16th June-- Advanced cavalry of Beresford's column finally sight two squadrons of enemy chasseurs about six miles from Salamanca. The outposts offered no resistance and withdrew across the Tormes. The army camps in sight of the city that night, and learns that Marmont has evacuated his forces, leaving only three new forts garrisoned. Wellington does not pursue Marmont, but wanting to fight from his favourite defensive position tries to compel the French to attack him at Salamanca.
    17th June-- The South Essex reach the hills overlooking Salamanca. Leroux escapes, killing Ensign McDonald and Colonel Windham. Part of Wellington's sixth Division and the 14th Light Dragoons enter Salamanca to the adulation of the Spanish inhabitants; while the rest of the army proceeded three miles to the heights of San Cristobal north-east of the city.
      18th June-- Sharpe joins Wellington's main army on the San Christobal Ridge. Leroux is believed to have escaped to the relative security of the Forts. e siegework could go ahead.
      20th June-- Sharpe watches the arrival of Marmont's army on the plain below the British position on the ridge.
      21st June-- There was no French attack: two divisions of Marmont's army had not yet been brought forward and it was obvious to the French that they were outnumbered. It was such an opportunity for Wellington to attack that his staff discussed with curiosity the reason he did not take advantage of it.
      22nd June-- Bored by the army's inaction Sharpe has a conversation with Hogan and learns something of Leroux's true identity. He is called away by the beginnings of a skirmish on the San Christobal Ridge.
      23rd June-- Marmont's army marches away from the city during the night. Wellington sends Hulse's brigade of the Sixth division back to Salamanca together with orders to press the siege of the forts.
  24 June Napoleon's invasion of Russia begins   24-27 June-- Despite the lack of ammunition, the British continue their artillery barrage and siegeworks around the forts (in the book:- in reality the replacement powder and shot did not arrive until the morning of the 26th. The barrage commenced in earnest at 3pm on that day.). Sharpe begins a torrid affair with la Marquesa, now believing her to be "El Mirador" and in danger of attack from Leroux.
      27th June-- The gunners had been firing red hot shot into the forts, setting fire to the tower and roof of the San Vincente and causing considerable damage. Wellington ordered a second storming of the San Cayetano, but just as the forlorn hope started forward the French commander asked for a two hour truce to confer with his colonel in the San Vincente. Wellington gave him five minutes, and then pressed the assault. A few shots were fired, but most of the garrison threw down their weapons and offered no resistance. Shortly afterwards, the San Vincente garrison asked for terms. The two remaining forts were taken without a fight.
  22 July-- Wellington defeats Marmont at Salamanca due Marmont over extending his army between the Greater and Lesser Arapiles.   July 22nd-- Wellington defeats Marmont at Salamanca. Sharpe has an affair with Helena. Sharpe is wounded and left for dead. Sharpe's Sword
  12 August With road open Wellington's Allied Army is deep in Spain, pursuing the French. When more French troops arrive, they move to try and cut him off from his base. In a brilliant attack, Wellington crushes 40,000 French soldiers in 40 minutes and at the end of the day is completely victorious, and captures Madrid.    
  August 18th-- Wellington becomes Marquess.    
  September--: Wellington finally given command of Spanish armies.    
  19 September Wellington begins the siege of Burgos, resting place of El Cid.    
  October 22nd-- Wellington abandons siege at Burgos because of lack of siege train. Supplies give out. Allied army returns to Ciudad Rodrigo in a costly retreat.    
  22 October-19 November Allied retreat to Portugal. Remincent of the rtreat to Corunna.    
  19 November Allied army arrives at Ciudad Rodrigo. It weathers out the winter there while Wellington plans his next offensive against the French.    
      December-- Sharpe gets his promtion to Major (Brevet) from the Prince of Wales. Sharpe's Enemy
      December 25th-- Sharpe defends the pass at Adrados into Portugal against attacks by French and deserters. Sharpe loses first wife, Teresa. His daughter is given to Teresa's family to raise.
1813 22nd May-- Wellington's final offensive in Spain commences    
  21 June Wellington's army has rested all winter in Portugal, and leaps out through the mountains in the spring to catch the French unawares. Wellington defeats Joseph at Vittoria, created Field Marshal after chasing the French back across most of Spain. British troops stop pursuing the French to pick up the booty that the French left behind.   June 21st-- Wellington defeats Joseph Bonaparte at Vitoria. Sharpe rescues Helena and bags some loot. Leroy is killed. Sharpe's Honour
  28 June-12 August Siege of San Sebastian.   Sharpe returns to England in search of the missing 2nd Batallion of the South Essex Regiment. Sharpe marries Jane Gibbons. Sharpe's Regiment
  25 July Battle of the Pyrenees. Soult makes counter-attack in the Pyrenees at Maya and Roncesvalles. British picquets were forced to retreat, but prevented the French from relieving Pamplona and San Sebastian.    
  28-30 July Wellington defeats Soult at Sorauren after Soult tries again to relive his forces in Spain.    
  31 August Sir Thomas Graham takes San Sebastian by storm. British troops plunder the city and 'accidently' set the place on fire while Wellington repulses Soult at San Marcial.    
  October 7th-- Wellington crosses the Bidassoa. Crossing the river Bidassoa using secret fords in October, Wellington takes the French by surprise and gains a foothold. One month of hard fighting later, his soldiers look down from the mountaintops into France itself and the final battles begin.    
  25th October-- Pamplona falls to the Allies.    
  November 10th-- Battle of the Nivelle (Bayonne area). Soult defeated by Wellington.    
  9-13 December Wellington defeats Soult at the Battle of the Nive and the Battle of the Nivelle.    
  13 December Soult repulsed by Hill at St. Pierre.    
1814 23 February General Hope crossed the Adour, west of Bayonne.    
  27 February Wellington defeats Soult at Orthes.    
  March 12th-- Wellington enters Bordeaux.    
  24 March Soult enters Toulouse.    
  30 March Russian/Prussian army enters Paris.    
  6 April Napoleon abdicates.    
  10 April Wellington defeats Soult at Toulouse.   April 10th-- Wellington defeats Soult at Toulouse. Jane leaves Sharpe but takes all his money. Sharpe's Revenge
  14 - 18 April General Thouvenot, the governor of Bayonne, launches a sortie at the Allied army. Napoleon exiled to the island of Elba. Congress of Vienna.   April-May-- Sharpe is accused of stealing Napoleon’s treasure. Sharpe escapes with Harper and Frederickson. Sharpe is shot by Lucille. Sharpe gets Lucille pregnant. Sharpe, with Calvet, steals the treasure off Ducos and kills him. Sharpe clears his name
  17 April Soult surrenders effectively ending the Peninsular War.    
  26 April Bayonne surrenders.    
  30 April Treaty of Paris is signed. May Wellington's army is disbanded and sent to other parts of the world.    
  May 11th-- Wellington becomes Duke.    
      June - July-- Sharpe is posted to the local Militia in Yorkshire. Sharpe’s half brother is killed in civil stife. Sharpe returns to Normandy. Sharpe's Justice
1815   1815 Sharpe's son, Patrick Lassan, is born.
  March 1-- Napoleon returns to France.    
  June 15th-- Napoleon invades the Netherlands.    
  June 16th-- Wellington defeats Ney at Quatre Bras. Napoleon defeats Blucher at Ligny.    
  June 18th-- Wellington and Blucher defeat Napoleon at Waterloo.    
  July 7th-- Wellington and Blucher enter Paris.    
1816   1816 December 25th-- Sharpe’s family is taken hostage by French ex-soldiers in search of treasure
    1816 - 1820 Sharpe lives as a farmer in Normandy with Lucille. Sharpe's second daugter, Dominique is born.
    1821 Sharpe and Harper travel to Chile. Sharpe helps drive the Spanish from Chile. Sharpe's Devil
    1860 Richard Sharpe dies at the age of 83 years old and is buried on his estate in France.

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